Hungary (in Hungarian: Magyarország) is situated in Central Europe, and borders Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia. Its capital is Budapest.
Hungary is a member of the European Union, NATO, OECD, Visegrad Group and is a Schengen state. It has been a parliamentary republic since 1989. The official language is Hungarian, which is part of the Finno-Ugric language family.
The currency is Forint (HUF). Hungary is one of the 15 most popular tourist destinations in the world with a capital regarded as one of the most beautiful cities.
- Foundation of the Hungarian state: 895 AD
- Area: 93,030 km2
- Population: around 10 million
- Major religion: Catholic (appr. 58%)
- Major rivers: Duna, in English Danube (417 km) and Tisza (597 km)
- Largest lakes: Lake Balaton, Lake Velence
- Highest point above sea level: Kékes (1,014 m) in the Mátra Mountains
- Climate: continental with four seasons, highs in the summer are 27 °C (80.6 °F) to 35 °C (95 °F), lows in the winter are 0 °C (32 °F) to －15 °C (5.0 °F)
- Currency: Forint (HUF), see current exchange rates
- Time zone: CET (UTC+1), summer: CEST (UTC+2)
- Calling code for Hungary: +36
- Calling code for Budapest: (+36) 1
- Drives: on the right
- Electricity: 230 V
Budapest can be easily reached by car, train, long-distance bus and air.
The airport is called Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport with Terminal 1, 2A and 2B. Terminal 2A serves all Schengen destinations, whereas 2B serves all non-Schengen destinations. The super-discount European carriers use Terminal 1, about 5km to the west.
Magyar Államvasutak, which translates as Hungarian State Railways and is universally known as MÁV, links up with the European rail network in all directions. In Budapest almost all international trains arrive and depart from Keleti station (Eastern train station; 313 6835; VIII Kerepesi út 2-6); however, some trains to certain destinations in the east (eg Romania) leave from Nyugati station (Western train station; 349-0115; VI Teréz körút 55-57), while Déli station (Southern train station; 375-6293; I Krisztina körút 37) handles trains to some destinations in the south. These are not hard and fast rules, so always make sure you check which station the train leaves from when you buy a ticket. For 24-hour information on international train services call nationwide 06-40-49 49 49 or in Budapest 461-5500.
Most international buses are run by Eurolines (219 8021; or its Hungarian associate, Volánbusz (382 0888; In Budapest, all international buses arrive at and depart from Népliget bus station (219 8080; IX Üllői út 131; metro Népliget).
Find some Route planners here
Situated in the very heart of Europe, Hungary with its rich culture and history is a treasure-trove for tourists. There is plenty to see and experience and not only in Budapest but in other regions as well.
You cannot miss the Danube Bend, Lake Balaton, the city Pécs - the European Capital of Culture in 2010 - in the south and the traditional Őrség region in the far west. Other interesting places can be found at
Hungaricums are unique Hungarian products, specialities, works of art, foods etc that make Hungary famous.
- Grey cow
- Mangalica (pig)
- Red pepper of Kalocsa
- Rubik's cube
- Hungarian stew
- Goulash soup
- Pick salami
- Pálinka (spirit)
- Wine of Tokaj
- Gundel pancakes
- Csárdás dance
- Herendi porcelain
- Puskás Ferenc (football player)
- Other HUNGARICUMS
Prominent people of Hungarian origin who had a positive impact on the world can be found everywhere on the planet, among them 13 Nobel Prize winners.
Let us mention just a few:
- Béla BARTÓK (composer)
- Zoltán KODÁLY, (composer)
- Franz LISZT (composer)
- Albert SZENT-GYÖRGYI (scientist, vitamin C)
- József László BIRÓ (inventor of the ballpoint pen)
- János NEUMANN (inventor of computer)
- János IRINYI (inventor of match)
- Pál ERDŐS (mathematician)
- Péter ESTERHÁZY (writer)
- Imre KERTÉSZ (writer)
- Attila JÓZSEF (poet)
- Ferenc PUSKÁS (football player)
- Ernő RUBIK (inventor of the Rubik's cube)
- Victor VASARELY (artist)
- Joseph PULITZER (journalist)
- Robert CAPA (photographer)
- Paul NEWMAN (actor)
- Tony CURTIS (actor)
- Andrew VAJNA (producer)
- Lajos KOLTAI (film director)
- István SZABÓ (film director)
- Tamás DARNYI (swimmer, olympicon)
- Krisztina EGERSZEGI (swimmer, olympicon)
- László PAPP (boxer)
- Péter LÉKÓ (chess player)
- POLGÁR sisters (chess players)
IBS estimates that the monthly budget of students requires about 150,000 HUF but of course it depends on individual spending habits.
This sum covers accommodation, utilities, city transportation, meals and personal expenses.
The following price list should give you an idea of how to plan your budget (prices are in HUF) (click here to see the actual currency exchange rate):
1 kg bread
150 - 300
1 kg sugar
150 - 200
1 litre milk
160 - 260
100 g cheese
200 - 350
Average restaurant main dish
700 - 1,500
Expensive restaurant main dish
2,000 - 4,500
260 - 300
200 - 350
200 - 400
Movie theatre ticket
800 - 1,500
Entry fee for clubs, discos
1,000 - 3,000
Rock concert ticket
2,000 - 15,000
Metro, bus, tram ticket
Mobile phone charges per minute
20 - 120
Squash court rental per hour
2,500 - 3,500
Swimming pool entry
700 - 1,500
1 litre petrol
Pick up a few Hungarian phrases!
Some basic expressions:
- Jó napot! - Good day!
- Szia! - Hi and goodbye to a friend
- Viszlát! - Goodbye to a stranger
- Igen / nem - Yes / no
- Köszönöm - Thank you.
- Metró - Underground
- Busz - Bus
- Villamos - Tram
- Utca - Street
- Út - Road
- Tér - Square
- Híd - Bridge
You can listen to the pronunciation of these words and many other ones here: Online audio dictionary